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    沼氣提純有四種方法有什么不同

    首頁- 新聞資訊 > 行業資訊 > 2022-01-02

    吸收提純法是利用有機胺溶液(一級胺、二級胺、三級胺、空間位阻胺等)與二氧化碳的物理化學吸收特性來實現的,即在吸收塔內的加壓、常溫條件下與沼氣中的二氧化碳發生吸收反應進行脫碳提純甲烷,吸收富液在再生塔內的減壓、加熱條件下發生逆向解析反應,釋放出高純度的二氧化碳氣體,同時富液得到再生具備重新吸收二氧化碳的能力,從而實現沼氣在吸收塔內的連續脫碳提純甲烷過程,并使得脫碳液進行連續的吸收、再生循環工作。

    The absorption and purification method is realized by using the physicochemical absorption characteristics of organic amine solution (primary amine, secondary amine, tertiary amine, steric amine, etc.) and carbon dioxide, that is, it reacts with carbon dioxide in biogas under pressure and normal temperature in the absorption tower to decarbonize and purify methane, and absorb the decompression and purification of rich liquid in the regeneration tower The reverse analytical reaction occurs under heating conditions to release high-purity carbon dioxide gas. At the same time, the rich liquid is regenerated and has the ability to re absorb carbon dioxide, so as to realize the continuous decarburization and purification of methane in the absorption tower, and make the decarburized liquid carry out continuous absorption and regeneration cycle.
    變壓吸附提純法是利用吸附劑(如分子篩等)對二氧化碳的選擇性吸附特點, 即在吸附劑上二氧化碳相對其他氣態組分有較高的分離系數, 來達到對沼氣中二氧化碳進行脫除的目的。在吸附過程中,原料氣在加壓條件下其中的二氧化碳被吸附在吸附塔內,甲烷等其他弱吸附性氣體作為凈化氣排出,當吸附飽和后將吸附柱減壓甚至抽成真空使被吸附的二氧化碳釋放出來。為了保證對氣體的連續處理要求,變壓吸附法至少需要兩個吸附塔, 也可是三塔、四塔或更多。
    沼氣脫硫
    PSA purification method uses the selective adsorption characteristics of adsorbents (such as molecular sieves) for carbon dioxide, that is, carbon dioxide has a higher separation coefficient than other gaseous components on the adsorbent to achieve the purpose of removing carbon dioxide from biogas. During the adsorption process, the carbon dioxide in the feed gas is adsorbed in the adsorption tower under pressurized conditions, and other weakly adsorbed gases such as methane are discharged as purified gas. When the adsorption is saturated, the adsorption column is depressurized or even vacuumized to release the adsorbed carbon dioxide. In order to ensure the continuous treatment of gas, PSA requires at least two adsorption towers, or three towers, four towers or more.
    低溫冷凝提純法是利用二氧化碳液化溫度高的特點,通過低溫作用使沼氣中的二氧化碳被液化,甲烷組分作為不凝氣以提純產品氣排出。為了降低運行能耗,通常采用回熱技術將剩余冷量進行回收。
    Low temperature condensation purification method uses the characteristics of high liquefaction temperature of carbon dioxide to liquefy carbon dioxide in biogas through low temperature, and methane component is discharged as non condensable gas to purify product gas. In order to reduce operation energy consumption, regenerative technology is usually used to recover the remaining cooling capacity.
    膜分離提純法是利用不同氣體組分在壓力驅動下通過膜的滲透性作用的不同來實現的,通常情況下二氧化碳的滲透速度快,作為快氣以透過氣排出,甲烷的滲透速度慢,作為慢氣以透余氣形式獲得提純產品氣。在工程中,為了提高甲烷氣的濃度,常采用多級膜分離工藝。
    The membrane separation and purification method is realized by using the different permeability of different gas components through the membrane under pressure. Generally, the penetration rate of carbon dioxide is fast, which is discharged as fast gas through gas, and the penetration rate of methane is slow. As slow gas, purified product gas is obtained in the form of residual gas. In engineering, multistage membrane separation process is often used to improve the concentration of methane.

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